Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report The War Inquiry Commission was appointed by the President of Pakistan in December In its secret report, never. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto had only been in power for one week, when he asked the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Justice Hamood-ur-Rehman, to investigate the. The Hamood-ur-Rehman Commission Report | A Review Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto had only been in power for one week, when he asked the Chief Justice of the.

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Mustafa and Brigadier-Generals G.

Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report

He did not display much respect for the civilian Governor, The Army virtually continued to control civil administration”. We then propose to deal with the subject of discipline of the armed forces in East Pakistan which would include the questions of alleged military atrocities in East Pakistan.

So much damage could not have been caused by the entire strength of the Pakistan Army then stationed in East Pakistan even if it had nothing else to do. It was unfortunate then too late, the ferries 84 necessary for crossing the troops over the big Jamuna river from the area of 16 division had disappeared and the Mukti Bahini had invested the area behind, making vehicular movement impossible.

The serving personnel of defence services who are willing to give evidence before the Commission should have no apprehension of victimization for assisting the Commission in its task.

Bhutto kept the final copy.

The Hamood-ur-Rehman Commission Report | A Review

Although we are now naturally in possession of far more detailed information as to the events in East Pakistan, yet the main conclusions reached by us on the earlier occasion have remained unaffected by the fresh evidence now available. Offences in relation to enemy and punishable with death. The Commission which had started its proceedings in camera in Rawalpindi on the 1st February, recorded evidence of witnesses. They blundered ahead, oblivious of the fatal consequences of their international isolation.

We are also of the view that proper and firm disciplinary actionand not merely retirement from service, is necessary to ensure against any future recurrence of the kind of shameful conduct displayed during the war. Need and Justification for Trial and Punishment 6.

Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report

At the same time there is some evidence to suggest that the words and personal actions of Lt. From what we have said in the preceding Paragraphs it is clear that there is substance in the allegations that during and after the military action excesses were indeed committed on the people of East Pakistan, but dehman versions and estimates put forward by the Dacca authorities are highly coloured and exaggerated. It was only when the general found himself gradually being encircled by the enemy which had successfully managed to bypass his fortresses and reached FaridpurKhulna, Daudkandi and Chandpur the shortest route to Dacca that he began to make frantic efforts to get the troops back for the defence of Dacca.


Farman Ali, as Advisor to the Governor, became responsible for this amount. Precious moments were thus wasted, during which the 74 Indians mounted their training programme for the Mukti Bahini and started guerrilla raids into Pakistan territory. He frankly admitted before the Commission that he was associated with the planning of the military action of the 25th of Marchand also with the subsequent political steps taken rdport the military regime to noramlise the situation, including the proposed by-elections necessitated by the disqualification of a large number of Awami league members of the National and Provincial Assemblies.

In these circumstances, the responsibility for its authorship and dispatch could not, therefore, be placed on this officer. Mitha was particularly active in East Pakistan in the days preceding the military action of the 25th of Marchand even the other Generals just mentioned were present in Dacca along with Yahya Khan, and secretly departed there on the evening of that fateful day after fixing the deadline for the military action. We are satisfied with the explanation rendered by Maj.

Naeem Witness No CO of 39 Baluch that “innocent people were killed by comnission during sweep operations and it created estrangement amongst the public.

Log In Sign Up. His Divisional Commander, Maj. While a Corps Commander is merely a Commander of a number of divisions placed under his command, a Theatre Commander is not merely in command of all the forces in the area, including the Naval and the Air Forces.

Action was taken against them, even their arrests were ordered without any body knowing about it, including their superiors or the Government of East Pakistan. Jamshed Khan in this behalf, and his reply is as under. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

In the absence of contingency plans for the withdrawal of troops into the Dacca triangle area behind the big riversto prevent the enemy breakthrough and hamood deal if need be with the known capability of the enemy to heli-drop troops behind our lines after it had acquired mastery of the air by either eliminating or neutralising our Air Force of only one squadron, it was not at all a matter of surprise that the defences should have collapsed immediately in thin lines in the forward positions were pierced by the enemy.

It may have happened in other stations as well. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Dr.

It is possible that even these figures may contain an element of exaggeration as the lower formations may have magnified their own achievements in quelling the rebellion.

Mujibur Rahman and Dr Kamal Hussain were in his custody in West Pakistan, and that almost all the friendly countries had advised him to arrive at a political settlement in view of the looming Indian threat of military action.


Although he never formally declared these negotiations to have failed, yet he secretly commissiln Dacca on the evening of the 25th of March,leaving instructions behind for military action to be initiated when his plane reached the Karachi area. As it appeared to us that the defeat suffered by the Armed Forces of Pakistan was not merely the result of military factors alone, but had been brought about as the cumulative result of political, international, moral and military factors, we examined all these aspects in our Main Report at some length.

Its primary conclusion was very critical of the role of Pakistan’s military interference, the misconduct of politicians as well as the repor failures of the Inter-Services Intelligence ISI and the Federal Investigation Agency FIAwhich permitted the infiltration of Indian agents all along the borders of East Pakistan.

Rehhmanit was reported that around officials were interviewed and testified, including Yahya Khan and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. An inquiry was made from Maj Gen. Niaziand Rao Farman Ali all died in The allegations mentioned in the preceding Paragraphs were put to Lt.

Mohammad Asia Niazi, former Cod. We are of the view that he did not display qualities of courage, leadership and determination.

All these acts of omission and commission call for 88 deterrent action by way of court materials wherever permissible under the law. Niazi would have been to concentrate his troops in a smaller area, protected by the major natural obstacles around the military and political lynch pin – Dacca. The fortress strategy might have been suitable for carrying out the counter insurgency operations, but after the 21st of Novit became redundant.

We have also touched upon the negotiations which Gen. Remember me on this computer. Harvard University Press, Shah. The direct responsibility of the alleged excesses and atrocities must, of course, rest on those officers and men who physically perpetuated them or knowingly and deliberately allowed them to be so perpetuated.

Commissiom fact, however, the army was constantly engaged in fighting the Mukti Bahini, the Indian infiltrators, and later the Indian army. Farman Ali advised Lt.

Farman that they were thinking of arresting certain people. From the photostat copy sent to the Government of Pakistan by the Government of Bangladesh, it becomes clear that the paper on which these words are written was apparently in the nature of a writing pad on which notes are jotted down as an aid to memory. H Ansari who had recorded some evidence, but could not complete the inquiry owing to the outbreak repor war. We propose finally to wind up this supplement by making the recommendations.