the wear life and fatigue life of steel heat-treated components. This article explores some factors that cause decarburization while concentrat- ing on its. Decarburization is the change in content and structure of steel wherein some surface layers of steel and carbon are lost. In complete decarburization, the top. Decarburization is a loss of carbon in the surface-adjacent zone of the material ( Gunnarson, ). From: Thermochemical Surface Engineering of Steels,

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In other settings where decarburization is deliberately performed, testing can be performed to identify the level of decarburization. It is thus both something that can be done intentionally as a step in a manufacturing process, or something that happens as a side effect of a process such ateel rolling and must be either prevented or later reversed such as via a carburization step.

Additional decarburosation on decarburization and its commercial importance can be found in the links at the bottom of this page. The rate of decarburization is controllable. The decarburization mechanism can be described as three distinct events: Retrieved from ” https: If not, the steel or material will not be utilized for production.

You can click on each image to see an expanded version. Views Read Edit View history.

More of your questions answered by our Experts. If it is not intended, protective coatings are beneficial to prevent corrosion of the steel. Decarburization can be either advantageous or detrimental, depending on the application for which the metal will be used. History of ferrous metallurgy List of steel producers.


Carbon will therefore be removed from the steel by the process commonly known as “Decarburization”.


Explain how decarburisation causes a variation in the microstructure in a slowly cooled eutectoid steel as a function of the distance from the exposed surface. There is a much smaller quantity of ferrite. The microstructure on the left is representative of a low-carbon steel whereas that on the left of a higher carbon steel.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Electro-slag remelting Vacuum arc remelting Argon oxygen decarburization. Because the components like chromium and molybdenum of some stainless steels are very oxidizable, these steels can only be decarburized by reacting with dry hydrogen, which has no water content, unlike wet hydrogen, which is produced in a way that includes some water and can otherwise be used for decarburization.

Decarburisation of steel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It has been heated in an electric furnace, without any particular protection, at o C for 2 hours and then cooled slowly to ambient temperature. This may also lead to various problems with machinery created from steel. The Great Soviet Encyclopedia Print 3rd ed.

Comment on why the two results are different. The Widmanstatten ferrite is more apparent at this higher magnification. A much higher magnification image is also available to illustrate this phenomenon.

You will find below a series of micrographs taken as a function of position away from the surface, and at a variety of magnifications. Notice ddcarburisation the steel cannot be of exactly the eutectoid composition since there is some ferrite even in the regions which are not decarburized.


The dark etching regions are mixtures of Widmanstatten ferrite and pearlite which form after the grain boundary layers of ferrite. Bloomery produces sponge iron Blast furnace produces pig iron Cold blast Hot blast Anthracite iron Direct reduced iron. Steel is incredibly versatile because it can be heat-treated in order to produce a vast range of microstructures and associated mechanical properties.

The microstructure away from the surface of the steel. Microscopy is one of the techniques to determine carbon loss. At the higher magnification it becomes clear that the top surface is almost completely denuded of carbon. If the diffusion coefficient for carbon in austenite ishow long will it take for the depth at which the concentration is 0. Iron-carbon phase diagram, reproduced with the permission of Jud Ready decaeburisation the Georgia Tech.

The oxygen has therefore started to oxidise the iron. Note that the amount of ferrite light etching phase increases as the surface is approached. The ferrite nucleates at the austenite grain boundaries and hence appears as layers. Smelting Bloomery produces sponge iron Cecarburisation furnace produces pig iron Cold blast Hot blast Anthracite iron Direct reduced iron.

Identifying Limiting Conditions for Coatings Specification.