Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. De origine et situ Germanorum IntraText: testo integrale, concordanze e liste di frequenza – The IntraText De origine et situ Germanorum: full text, concordances . Title, De origine et situ Germanorum liber. Author, Cornelius Tacitus. Publisher, In aedibus Teubneri, Original from, Harvard University. Digitized, Jul 7.

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De Origine et situ Germanorumwas a historical and ethnographic work on the Germanic tribes outside the Roman Empire. The Germania begins with a description of the lands, laws, and customs of the Germanic people chapters 1—27 ; it then describes individual germannorum, beginning with those dwelling closest to Roman lands and ending on the uttermost shores of the Baltic, among the amber-gathering Aestithe Fenniand the unknown tribes beyond them.

Tacitus says chapter 2 that physically, the Germanic peoples appear to be a distinct nation, not an admixture of their neighbors, since nobody would desire orihine migrate to a climate as horrid as that of Germania.

They are divided into three large branches, the Ingaevonesthe Herminonesand the Istaevonesderiving their ancestry from three sons of Mannusson of Tuistotheir common forefather. In chapter 7, Tacitus describes their government and leadership as somewhat merit-based and egalitarian, with leadership by example rather than authority, and punishments are carried out by the priests.

He mentions chapter 8 that the opinions of women are given respect. In chapter 11, Tacitus describes a form of folk assembly rather sltu to the public Things recorded otigine later Germanic sources: Tacitus further discusses the role of women in chapters 7 and 8, mentioning that they often accompany the men to battle and offer encouragement. He says that the men are often highly motivated to fight for the women because originf an extreme fear of losing them to captivity.

De origine et situ Germanorum liber – Cornelius Tacitus – Google Books

Tacitus says chapter 18 that the Germans are mainly content with one wife, except for a few political marriages, and specifically and explicitly compares this practice favorably to other barbarian cultures, perhaps since monogamy was a shared value between Roman and Germanic cultures. He also records chapter 19 that adultery is very rare, and that an adulterous woman is shunned afterward by the community regardless of her beauty.

In chapter 45, Tacitus mentions that the tribe to the germannorum of the Germans, the Sitones, “resemble [the Suevi Scandinavians] in all respects but one – woman is the ruling sex. Sit latter chapters of the books describe the various Germanic tribes, their relative locations, and some of their characteristics.

Many of the tribes named correspond with other and later historical records and traditions, while the fate of others is less clear.


Ethnography had a long and distinguished heritage in classical literatureand the Germania fits squarely within the tradition established by authors from Herodotus to Julius Caesar. Tacitus himself had already written a similar—albeit shorter—essay on stu lands and tribes of Britannia in his Agricola chapters 10— The work can appear moralizing at points, perhaps implicitly comparing the values of Germanic tribes and those of his Roman contemporaries, although a direct comparison between Rome and Germania is not explicitly presented in the text.

In writing the work, Tacitus might have wanted to stress the dangers that the Germanic tribes posed to the Termanorum.

Tacitus’ descriptions of the Germanic character are at times favorable in contrast to the opinions of orrigine Romans of germsnorum day. He holds the strict monogamy and chastity of Germanic marriage customs worthy of the highest praise, in contrast to what he saw as the vice and immorality rampant in Roman society of his day chapter 18and he admires their open hospitality, their simplicity, and their bravery in battle.

All of these germanorkm were germanoruk perhaps because of their similarity to idealized Roman virtues. One should not, however, think that Tacitus’ portrayal of Germanic customs is entirely favorable; germaorum notes a tendency in the Germanic people for what he saw as their habitual drunkenness, sit, and barbarism, among other traits.

The ethnonym Germani as used by Tacitus does not necessarily coincide with the modern linguistic definition of Germanic peoples as any people speaking a Germanic languageand the details of the classification Germani have been debated in scholarship, e.

He also notes in chapter 43 that a certain tribe called the Cotini actually speaks a Gallic tongue, and likewise the Osi speak a Pannonian dialect. Tacitus himself had never travelled in the Germanic lands ; all his information is second-hand at best. The defection origkne these peoples in the year 89 during Domitian’s war against the Dacians modified the whole frontier policy of the Empire. While Pliny may have been the primary source, scholars have identified others; among them are Caesar ‘s Gallic WarsStraboDiodorus SiculusPosidoniusAufidius Bassusand numerous nonliterary sources, presumably based on interviews with traders and soldiers who had ventured beyond the Rhine and Danube borders, and Germanic mercenaries in Rome.

All copies of Germania were lost during the Middle Ages and the work was forgotten until a single manuscript was found in Hersfeld Abbey Codex Hersfeldensis in The peoples of medieval Germany the Kingdom of Germany in the Holy Roman Empire were heterogenous, separated in distinct tribal kingdomssuch as the BavariansFranconiansand Swabiansdistinctions which remain evident in the German language and culture after the unification of Germany in aside from Austria and the establishment of modern Austria and Germany.

Getmanorum the medieval period, a self-designation of “Germani” was virtually never used; the name was only revived ininspired by the rediscovered text of Germaniato invoke the warlike qualities of the ancient Germans in a crusade against the Turks. Ever since its discovery, treatment of the text regarding the culture of the early Germanic peoples in ancient Germany remains strong, especially in German history, philology, and ethnology studies, and to a lesser degree in Scandinavian countries, as witu.


Beginning in 16th-century German humanism, German interest in Germanic antiquity remained acute throughout orlgine period of Romanticism and nationalism. A scientific angle was introduced with the development of Germanic philology by Jacob Grimm. Because of its influence on the ideologies of Pan-Germanism and NordicismJewish-Italian historian Arnaldo Momigliano in described Germania and the Iliad as “among the most dangerous books ever written”.

It was rediscovered in by priest-philologist Cesare Annibaldi in the possession of Count Aurelio Balleani of Iesi. Temporarily transferred to Florence for the controls at germanormu state body of the fine arts, the manuscript was severely damaged during the flood. It was later restored and brought back to Iesi, and inthe Codex Aesinas was given to the National Library in Rome, catalogued as Cod. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Germania Map of the Roman Empire and Germania Magna in the early 2nd century, with the location of some tribes described by Tacitus as Germanic.

Retrieved 23 March Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association. The Johns Hopkins University Press. Psychology, Art, and Antifascism: Gombrich, and the Politics of Caricature.

The centuries of debate over how to interpret Tacitus had particular relevance to Momigliano. A classicist from a religiously orthodox and socially assimilated Jewish family, Momigliano—like thousands of Italian academics—swore a loyalty oath to Mussolini.

De origine et situ Germanorum liber

He joined the Fascist party and in gemranorum exemption from the anti-Semitic Racial Laws as a party member. KrebsA Most Dangerous Book: Norton,p. Mythenbildung als Form von Fremdwahrnehmung: L19 Krebs, Christopher B.: Der Harvard-Philologe Christopher B.

Krebs verfolgt die Rezeptionslinie der “Gemania” vonTacitus – und endet bei Himmler.

Germania (book) – Wikipedia

Tacitean studies List of persons mentioned in the works of Tacitus. Bracteates Fibula Suebian ey. List of ancient Germanic peoples Portal: Retrieved from ” https: Articles containing Latin-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from June Articles with unsourced statements from September Articles with unsourced statements from May CS1 maint: Views Read Edit View history.

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This page was last edited on 12 Decemberat By using this site, you agree oritine the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Map of the Roman Empire and Germania Magna in the early 2nd century, with the location of some tribes described by Tacitus as Germanic. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Wikiquote has quotations related to: