Bhartṛhari is a Sanskrit writer to whom are normally ascribed two influential Sanskrit texts: Bhartrihari was long believed to have lived in the seventh century CE, but according consisting of three thematic compilations on shringara, vairagya and niti (loosely: love, dispassion and moral conduct) of hundred verses each. NITI SHATAKAM of Bhartrihari 1.I bow to God, the self enlightened, the peaceful, free from the bonds of space and time, the infinite, the pure co. Meanwhile he took generic interest in affairs of his state and during this time wrote Niti Shataka. Later on, it is believed that, he resigned from.
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Please enter an answer in digits: Legends have it that Bhartrihari once ruled the city of Ujjain. Although a loving ruler his mind was always engrossed about Love and Romance.
He had over beautiful women for his wives. No wonder he spent negligible time in the affairs of ahataka state. His younger step-brother Vikramaditya was unhappy with his brother for not taking responsibilities of the city bhattrihari. All the stanzas spoke about sensuality and sexual pleasure.
King Bhartrihari was particularly obsessed with his youngest wife Pingalashe was beautiful and charming. The king wanted queen Pingala to have the apple, so that she would always look young for him. But queen Pingala passed it on to the charioteer with whom she had a secret affair. The charioteer, who was in love with a prostitute, presented the apple to her. Now, Bhartrihari was astonished to see the apple back in his hand, and enquired as to shaaka she got it.
She told that she got it from the charioteer, the king sent men to bring the charioteer, he told the king that he got it from the queen, and confessed of his affair with the queen. Bhartrihari realized the fleeting nature of the pleasure from worldly objects, he sent out his spies to look for Vikramaditya. Meanwhile he took generic interest in affairs of his state and during this time wrote Niti Shataka. Later on, it is believed that, he resigned from the throne and installed Vikramaditya on the throne and took to Sanyasa.
It was during the period as a sanyasi that he wrote his final work Vairagya Shataka. Here are the best of his Neeti Shataka. That man who is entirely ignorant is easily bhartrinari A man may forcibly get back a jewel from the teeth of a crocodile: A man may get oil from sand by violent pressure: He, who would lead evil men into the path of virtue by a few soft words, is as good as one who binds an elephant with a young lotus-fibre: The Creator has given man, as it were, a cloak to conceal his ignorance: That gift is silence, the special ornament of the ignorant is the assembly of the wise.
When I knew but a little, I was blinded by pride, as an elephant is blinded by passion: Then I came into the presence of the wise who knew many kinds of wisdom, and my pride left me even like a fever. A dog eats with delight putrid abominable bones, and though the king of gods may stand before him, takes no heed: The Ganges falls from heaven upon the head of Shiva; from the head of Shiva on to the mountain; from the top of mountain to the earth, always falling lower and lower; even in so many ways is the fall of one whose judgement has departed from him.
Fire can be quenched by water, the heat of the sun can be kept off by a parasol, those wild elephants can be guided by a sharp hook, an ox or an ass by a stick: A cure has been ordained by the Shastra for everything, but there is no medicine for the cure of a fool.
The man who has no sense of literature and music is like a beast, though he has not horns and a tail: Those in whom is neither wisdom, nor penance, nor liberality, nor knowledge, nor good disposition, nor virtue, nor righteousness, may live in the world of mortals in the form of men, but they pass through the world like beasts encumbering the earth.
It is better to wander in a mountain-pass with the wild beasts than to live in the palace of the gods with a fool.
Niti Shataka of Bhartrihari :: The Fool
When wise men dwell in poverty — neti whose words are adorned with polished sayings from the Shastraand who impart sacred learning to their disciples — then that prince in whose kingdom they dwell is chargeable with folly, and the wise men, though poor, are the rulers of the land. Should not those bad examiners be worthy of condemnations who through carelessness cause jewels to fall from their true value? Cast off your pride before those who have the inward treasure of wisdom: Who indeed may compare with them?
Despise not wise men who have attained knowledge of the truth. They are not held bound by riches, for they count wealth even as grass. The stalk of waterlily will not bind an elephant who is infuriated by passion. The Creator in his anger may hinder the swan from sporting in the lotus-bed, his dwelling; but he cannot take away his faculty of separating milk from water. Bracelets are no ornament to a man, nor strings of pearls as the moon; nor yet bathing, nor perfumes, nor flowers, nor decorated hair.
Perfect jeeti alone adorns a man. Adornments may perish, but the ornament of eloquence abides for ever. Wisdom, indeed, is the highest bhartriharu that a man possesses. It is a valuable to be carefully guarded, for wisdom gains food, glory and blessing.
It is the lord of lords. Wisdom is a friend to a man travelling in a distant land. Wisdom is honoured among kings even more than wealth. The man devoid of wisdom is but an animal. If a man has patience, what need has he of armour? If he has anger in his heart, what further enemy need he fear? If he has knowledge, what need of fire to consume evil? If a friend, what need has he of divine medicines?
If there are malicious people about him, why should he be afraid of serpents? If he has perfect wisdom, what need of riches? If he is modest, what need has he of ornaments?
If he gives his mind to poetry, what need has he of power? Be well disposed towards relatives; liberal to inferiors; always hate the evil; love the good; be obedient to princes; honour the wise. Be firm towards enemies; be respectful to venerable men; deal shrewdly with lustful.
The man who frames his life after these precepts prospers in the world. Interaction with wise men takes away dullness of mind, elevates the intellect, and inspires the speech with truthfulness. What will it not do for men? May there be glory to wise men who are learned and accomplished poets!
There is no fear that their renown shall wither or perish. The low-minded man does not make even the least effort in the pursuit of wisdom through fear of difficulties: The noble minded man may meet with repeated hindrances, but when he has once begun the pursuit of wisdom he does not give it up.
The lion, though overwhelmed by hunger and weakened by old age, though at the point of death and in a state of misery, and though his majesty may have left him and his life be vanishing away, yet his whole desire is to swallow at one mouthful the forehead of kingly elephant which he has crushed in pieces.
How should he, the mightiest of living things, feed upon withered grass! There are two uses both for a garland of flowers and also for a wise man — they may be exalted on the head or wither in the forest. These are all the same senses — exactly the same action — the same intellect diminished: But though a man may remain exactly what he was, yet, when deprived of the warmth which wealth gives him, he becomes someone altogether different. This is indeed wonderful!
If a man has wealth, he is of good family, he is wise, he is learned in the Scriptures, and he is virtuous, eloquent, and beautiful. All the virtues attach themselves to gold. A king is ruined through evil counsellors; and ascetic through society; a child by spoiling; a scholar by not studying scriptures; a family — by the evil behaviour of children; good manners by evil habits; modesty by wine; agriculture by want of care; affection by absence from home; friendship by want of love; possessions by mismanagement; money by waste and prodigality.
Giving, consuming, and loss, are the three ways by which wealth is diminished. The man who neither gives nor spends has yet the third way open to him. A jewel is cut by the polishing stone; a conqueror in war is killed by weapons; the elephant is weakened by passion; the islands in a river become dry in the autumn; the moon wanes; young women becomes languid through pleasure, yet is their beauty nothing lessened; so noble men who have diminished their wealth by giving to the needy are still illustrious.
A man who is famishing longs for a handful of gain; but when he has revived, he looks on the whole earth as a mere handful of grass. The behaviour of kings is as uncertain as the way of a courtesan. Now it is false, now true — now with harsh, now with agreeable words — now cruel, now merciful — at one time liberal, at another covetous — either always squandering money or heaping it together. Whatever fate has written on the forehead of each, that shall he obtain, whether it be poverty or riches.
His above may be the desert, but he shall gain no more if he lives even on Mount Meru. Let your mind be constant.
Bhartrihari Neeti Shatak | Jai Guru Dev
Do not be miserable through envy of the rich. Shxtaka pitcher takes up the same quantity of water whether it be from the well or the ocean. Beloved Chataka, hear and listen attentively to what I tell thee. The heavens have many clouds, but they are not all alike; some water the earth, others thunder and pour forth no rain. These are the natural characteristics of wicked men. An evil man should be avoided though he be adorned with learning.
Is a snake less feared because it is ornamented with jewels? This is how evil-minded persons miscall the virtuous of the good. If a man is greedy, what further vice can he have?
What sin can be worse than backbiting? What need has the truthful man of penances? What need has the pure minded man of sacred bathing-place?
What virtue is beyond generosity? If there be greatness of mind, what adornment is required?